Canons of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey:
Classification of Congregations
SECTION 1: All Congregations which are a part of the Diocese of New Jersey shall be classified in one of the following categories:
1. The Cathedral
2. Parishes, including Associated Parishes
a. Seasonal Chapels
b. Collegiate Chapels
c. Institutional Chapels
d. Parochial Chapels
Classification shall be determined in accordance with the provisions set forth in the Constitution and Canons of the Diocese. Each Congregation of the Diocese shall be governed in the manner provided in the Constitution and Canons of the Diocese for Congregations in its category.
SECTION 2:The Ecclesiastical Authority, or a committee appointed by the Ecclesiastical Authority, shall submit to the Convention, annually and at least 30 days before the opening day of Convention, a list of proposed changes in the classification of congregations as approved by the Ecclesiastical Authority, as well as findings and recommendations made by Diocesan Council pursuant to Canon 60 Section 2. Such changes in classification may be ratified as presented or may be adopted with amendment by the Convention. The determination of the Convention shall be final.
SECTION 1.The boundaries of a Parish or a Missionary cure shall be the limits as fixed by law of the municipality in which the parish or mission is located. If there be but one Parish or Mission within the limits of a municipality it shall be deemed the Cure of the member of the clergy having charge thereof. If there be two or more Parishes or Missions therein it shall be deemed the Cure of the members of the clergy having charge thereof. The Bishop may extend the boundaries of a Parish or Mission to include all or part of the municipalities adjacent to a Parish or Mission and adjacent to each other, provided there be no parish or mission already located in the adjacent municipality. A list of all such boundary extensions shall be printed annually in the Journal of the Diocese.
SECTION 2.All territory in the Diocese not included within the boundaries of a Parish or Mission by virtue of the provisions of Section 1 of this Canon shall be deemed to be the Cure of the Bishop of the Diocese.
SECTION 3. Members of the clergy in charge of or officiating in Seasonal Chapels, Collegiate Chapels, or Institutional Chapels shall not be deemed to hold a Cure in the Diocese or to have pastoral jurisdiction over any territory in the Diocese.
Erection of New Church Buildings
The erection of a church building or chapel on a new site must have the previous written consent of the Bishop acting with the advice and consent of the Standing Committee. Any application for the erecting of a church building or chapel on a new site shall be in writing and shall be sent to the Bishop, who shall forthwith lay the matter before the Standing Committee, and at the same time give notice by registered mail to the three Parishes whose houses of worship are nearest to the location of the proposed new building, that such application has been made and that any objections submitted to the Bishop in writing within thirty days after the date of mailing the notice will be duly considered. After the expiration of said thirty days, the Standing Committee shall proceed to the consideration of the application and of any objections thereto and shall advise the Bishop of their conclusions. If approval be given, the Bishop may then give canonical consent in the following form:
The erection of a new Church or Chapel in the city (or town) of …………….., County of ………. to be known as ………….. Church (or Chapel), having been duly considered by the Standing Committee and approved by them, I do hereby give my canonical consent to the erection of said Church or Chapel.
Given under my hand this……. day of……. in the year of our Lord, two thousand ……
Secretary of Standing Committee
SECTION 1.Trinity Cathedral of the Diocese of New Jersey, situated at Trenton in the Diocese of New Jersey, is designated as The Cathedral of the Diocese, with the rights, powers, and privileges conferred upon it by law and by the Joint Consolidation Agreement entered into on the May 4, 1949, between the corporation known as The Cathedral Church of the Diocese of New Jersey and the parish corporation known as Trinity Cathedral in the Diocese of New Jersey, and by the Constitution and Bylaws of the Cathedral adopted pursuant to such Agreement.
SECTION 2. The governing body of Trinity Cathedral shall be a Chapter. The Chapter shall consist of the Bishop, who shall be the presiding officer; the Bishop Coadjutor, if there be one, the Suffragan Bishops, if there be any; the Archdeacons of the Diocese, if there be any; the Dean of the Cathedral; four presbyters and four lay persons elected by the Diocesan Convention for three-year terms; three members appointed in writing by the Bishop for three-year terms; the following members elected by and from the Cathedral congregation, namely, a Senior Warden and a Junior Warden each elected for two-year terms, and nine other lay persons elected for three-year terms; and a Treasurer and a Clerk elected by the Chapter.
SECTION 3. There shall be a Minor Chapter, within the Chapter, which shall have such powers and duties as provided by the Constitution and Bylaws of the Cathedral, and which shall consist of the Bishop, who shall be the presiding officer; the Dean of the Cathedral; the Junior and Senior Wardens; the nine lay persons elected by the Cathedral congregation; and the Treasurer and the Clerk.
SECTION 4. Members of the Chapter elected by the Convention may not be elected to succeed themselves, but may be reelected after the expiration of at least one year. The Treasurer shall be elected by the Chapter at its annual meeting, to hold office for one year and until a successor is elected. The Clerk shall be one of the members elected by the Cathedral congregation; the Clerk shall be elected by the Chapter at its annual meeting for such period as it may prescribe. Vacancies in the Cathedral Chapter shall be filled as provided in the Constitution and Bylaws of the Cathedral.
SECTION 5. The Treasurer shall annually report to the Convention the condition of the affairs of the Cathedral committed to the Treasurer’s charge.
SECTION 1. There shall be an annual meeting in every Parish for the election of officers, prayers having been said immediately before said meeting, and due notice having been given as required by law. Said meeting shall be held on a date which may be fixed at a regular or special meeting of the Congregation. There shall be an annual meeting for those Missions that elect officers, to be held also with opening prayers and upon like notice.
SECTION 2. The persons entitled to vote at such meetings must be:
(b) at least sixteen years of age,
(c) of good moral character
(d) adhering to The Episcopal Church and to no other religious body,
(e) regular attendants at the services of the Church in said Parish or Mission, and
(f) regular contributors to the current expenses of the Parish or Mission for six months next before the said annual meeting.
A record of the regular contributors for the support of the Parish or Mission shall be maintained by the Treasurer, with the dates of their contributions. Such records shall be sufficient evidence as to the qualification of a voter with respect to the last preceding requirement. Any voters not baptized in the Parish or Mission must have been enrolled as members in accordance with the provisions of the Canons of The Episcopal Church. Rectors, Vicars, or Wardens shall keep a list of all members of the Congregation who have been received as voters, which list shall be open to inspection by the members of the Congregation. No one shall be permitted to vote or be eligible to office in more than one Parish or Mission in this Diocese, although members of a Parish or Mission may be eligible also to vote or hold office in a Chapel.
SECTION 3. At said annual meeting the qualified voters shall elect by ballot, by a majority of the votes cast, to serve for the ensuing year, from among the voters in the Parish, three Deputies and three alternate Deputies to the Diocesan Convention, and a Warden or Wardens, who shall all be communicants in good standing; and also such other Vestrymembers or Mission Committee members, and such other officers as may be provided for by the Parish or Mission charter or bylaws, and six Representatives to the Convocation in which the Congregation is located, who shall all be communicants if such suitable for the office can be found.
SECTION 4. For the purposes of this Canon, the term “communicant” shall be as defined by the Constitution and Canons of The Episcopal Church.
SECTION 5. No provision of this Canon which may conflict with the Charter of any Parish shall have any force in such Parish.
See Revised Statutes of New Jersey, Sections 16:12–10 and –11
Duties of Rectors, Vicars, Wardens, and Vestrymembers or Mission Committee Members
SECTION 1. The Rector or Vicar has exclusive charge, under the Canons, of all things affecting the spiritual interests of the Parish, subject only to the Bishop. It is the Rector’s or Vicar’s duty to give orders concerning the worship of the Church, together with all that appertains thereto. The Rector or Vicar may from time to time appoint fit and proper persons to perform under his or her supervision, such duties relative to the service and the decoration of the church buildings as may be properly done by laity. The Rector or Vicar shall be at all times entitled to access to the church buildings, to open the same for public worship, for catechetical or other religious instruction, marriages, baptisms, funerals, and all other offices authorized by the Church. The Rector or Vicar shall have spiritual direction and control of all Sunday Schools, Parish Schools, and other educational and charitable associations connected with the Parish, and shall preside, with right to vote, at all Parish and Vestry meetings or Mission and Mission Committee meetings.
SECTION 2. It shall be the duty of the Wardens and Vestrymembers or members of the Mission Committee, under the Rector or Vicar, to protect the Church property, and to see that all things needed for the orderly worship of God, and for the administration of the Sacraments and Ordinances of the Church, be provided. It shall also be their duty to see that the funds of the Parish or Mission are expended properly, to provide for the maintenance of the Rector or Vicar, and in the case of a Parish to elect and call the Rector.
See Revised Statutes of New Jersey, Section 16:12-6, –7, –9
The Calling of a Rector or an Assistant
SECTION 1.When a Parish is without a Rector, or Mission is without a Vicar, the Wardens or other proper officers shall promptly notify the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese. If the authorities of the Parish or Mission shall for thirty days have failed to make provision for services of public worship, it shall be the duty of the Ecclesiastical Authority to take such measures as may be deemed expedient for the temporary conduct of public worship. After consultation with the Vestry or Mission Committee, the Bishop may appoint a priest to serve as Interim pending the election of a Rector or appointment of a Vicar, pursuant to the terms of a written agreement with the Parish or Mission.
SECTION 2. In the case of a Parish, no election of a Rector shall be had until the name of the Priest whom it is proposed to elect has been made known to the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese, and sufficient time, not exceeding sixty days, has been given to the Ecclesiastical Authority to communicate with the Vestry thereon, nor until such communication, if made within that period, has been considered by the Vestry at a meeting duly called and held for that purpose. Written notice of the election, signed by the Wardens, shall be sent to the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese. If the Ecclesiastical Authority be satisfied that the person so chosen is a duly qualified Priest and that the Priest has accepted the office, the notice shall be sent to the Secretary of the Convention, who shall record it. The record shall be sufficient evidence of the relation between the Priest and the Parish. The Bishop may submit to the Vestry the names of several clergy whom the Bishop considers suitable to be chosen as Rector. Rectors may have a letter of agreement with the Parish setting forth mutual responsibilities, subject to the Bishop’s approval.
SECTION 3.After consultation with the Vestry, the Bishop may appoint a Priest to serve as Priest-in-Charge of any Congregation in which there is no Rector or Vicar. In such Congregations, the Priest-in-Charge shall exercise the duties of Rector or Vicar subject to the authority of the Bishop, pursuant to the terms of a written agreement with the Parish or Mission; Priests-in-Charge shall be eligible thereafter to serve as Rector or Vicar in such Congregation.
SECTION 4. All assistant clergy in a Parish, by whatever title they may be designated, shall be selected by the Rector, subject to the approval of the Vestry, and shall serve under the authority and direction of the Rector. Before the selection of an assistant, the name of the member of the clergy proposed for selection shall be made known to the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese and sufficient time, not exceeding sixty days, shall be given for the Ecclesiastical Authority to communicate with the Rector and Vestry on the selection. Written notice of the selection of an assistant shall be sent forthwith to the Ecclesiastical Authority by the Rector and Wardens. Any assistant selected shall serve at the discretion of the Rector, but may not serve beyond the period of service of the Rector except that, pending the call of a new Rector, the assistant may continue in the service of the Parish if requested to do so by the Vestry of the Parish and under such conditions as the Ecclesiastical Authority and Vestry shall determine.
See Revised Statutes of New Jersey, Section 16:12-7
CANON 53 RESERVED
SECTION 1. When two or more Independent Parishes wish to share the services of a priest as Rector of both Parishes, they may make application to the Bishop. The application shall include resolutions passed by each vestry, two-thirds of all the members thereof concurring, stating:
(1) That they wish to be associated with another parish in sharing the services of a rector,
(2) The name of the priest whom they propose to elect as Rector,
(3) An agreement specifying each parish’s share in the support of the Rector, and
(4) An agreement specifying how the rector’s services are to be shared.
If the Bishop approves the application the Bishop shall obtain the written consent of the priest named in the application to serve as Rector under the conditions set forth in the application, and shall then forward the application together with the consent of the proposed Rector to the Standing Committee of the Diocese for its approval. If the Standing Committee approve the application, the Parishes in question shall be designated Associated Parishes and the election of the Rector may proceed without further notice.
SECTION 2. Each Associated Parish shall be entitled to representation in Convention by three Deputies and three Alternate Deputies, and in Convocation by six Representatives.
SECTION 3. If any Parish wishes to withdraw from an Associated Parish relationship, it shall first obtain the written consent of the Bishop and Standing Committee of the Diocese. Such consent may be conditioned upon the reclassification of one or more of the Parishes involved to Mission status.
SECTION 4. A Mission may enter into an Associated Parish relationship pursuant to the procedures of Section 1 of this Canon if it otherwise qualifies for Parish status and completes all procedures necessary for reclassification prior to the election of the rector of the Associated Parishes.
SECTION 1.(a) (i) The residents of any municipality who may desire the services of the Church may give notice of their desire to the Bishop of the Diocese, who may take such action as the Bishop may deem proper. If the Bishop approve, application shall be made in the following form:
To the Right Rev…………….., Bishop of New Jersey:
We, the undersigned residents of the town of………., County of………, Diocese of New Jersey, being desirous of obtaining the services of the Protestant Episcopal Church, do hereby request you to provide them for us as you think fit. For which benefits we do hereby agree to put ourselves under your charge, promising conformity to the Constitution, Canons, doctrine, discipline and worship of said Church, and to the Constitution and Canons of the Diocese of New Jersey, and in accordance with these obligations we are now desirous to be organized as a Mission, under the name of…….. Mission……… and we hereby agree to provide the sum of $……… at least, to support the budget of the Mission for the first year.
All the adults who are willing to become members of the Mission shall affix their signatures to the application, together with the sum each pledges for its support.
(ii) Alternatively, the Bishop may initiate the formation of a Mission at any time.
(b) The Bishop shall then give notice of the application to the three Parishes whose houses of worship are nearest to the location of the proposed Mission. If after thirty days from the giving of such notice, there is no objection on the part of the three nearest Parishes, the Bishop may then consent to the action proposed. If objections be made within thirty days, the Bishop shall lay the application and the objections before the Standing Committee, and if the Standing Committee approve, the Bishop may consent to the action proposed, which consent shall be submitted to the next Annual Convention of the Diocese as set forth in Canon 46, Section 2, for approval of the classification of such Mission.
SECTION 2.(a) Following the Bishop’s consent to the formation of the Mission, the Bishop shall appoint a Vicar, or pending the appointment of a member of the clergy a lay Pastoral Leader, who, subject to approval of the Bishop, shall appoint annually the following officers: A Warden, who shall be a communicant, a Treasurer, and a Secretary. If there be no Vicar or Pastoral Leader, the Bishop may appoint these officers. (b) When the revenue, exclusive of all appropriations from outside sources, shall amount to more than $25,000 per annum, said officers shall be elected annually by the voters of the Mission at an annual meeting of the Mission to be held on a date in the month of January, due notice of said meeting being given in the same manner as prescribed for parishes. The qualifications for voters shall be the same as those for voters in parish elections. The voters shall also adopt bylaws, subject to the approval of the Bishop, and shall elect Deputies, Alternate Deputies, and Representatives pursuant to the provisions of Canon 50, Section 3.
SECTION 3. The Warden, subject to the approval of the Vicar, shall provide a place of public worship; see that the same be kept clean and in good repair and furnished with all things necessary for conducting the services of the Church decently and in order. The Warden shall provide and if the Vicar be nonresident, shall have the custody of the Register required by Canon 73 but shall not make entries therein except by the Vicar’s request unless there be no Vicar.
SECTION 4.The Treasurer shall receive all money contributed by the Mission and disburse the same as directed by the officers. The Treasurer shall report to the Bishop and the Board of Missions periodically as directed.
SECTION 5. The Secretary shall keep the minutes of all meetings and shall perform the normal duties of this office.
SECTION 6. The Vicar shall preside at all meeting of the officers with right to vote. The Vicar shall appoint the Sexton, Organist, Choir, Sunday School Superintendent and any other helper the Vicar may find necessary. If there be no Vicar, such appointment shall be made by the Warden, with the approval of the Bishop.
SECTION 7. The title to real estate, given to or purchased by the Mission for Church purposes, unless otherwise ordered by the members of the Diocesan Council, shall be vested in The Trustees of Church Property of the Diocese of New Jersey, to be held by them until such time as the said property may be sold pursuant to Section 9 of Canon 13, or until such time as the Mission shall become duly incorporated as a Parish and admitted into union with the Convention, when the title may be transferred to the Church corporation if it shall so elect.
SECTION 8. Each Mission shall report to the Board of Missions and to the Bishop through the Vicar, Pastoral Leader, or Secretary, as may be directed by the Bishop. Every member of the Mission is expected to pledge a definite sum for its support.
SECTION 9. When a Mission reaches a size large enough to warrant additional leadership, the Bishop may, with the consent of the Standing Committee, direct that it shall be organized with the following officers:
(a) The Vicar, appointed by the Bishop
(b) Two Wardens, who shall be elected in alternate years by the voters at the annual meeting for two-year terms
(c) Three, six, or nine Mission Committee members, as the Bishop shall determine and as shall be set forth in the Mission’s bylaws, who shall be elected by the voters at the annual meeting for three-year terms, one-third being elected each year
(d) A Treasurer, elected annually by the officers
(e) A Secretary, elected annually by the officers.
The duties of these officers shall be the same as those delineated in Sections 3, 4, and 5 of this Canon and, as regards the Mission Committee, Section 2 of Canon 51. The Bishop’s directive, with the Standing Committee’s consent, shall be in writing and shall be filed with the Mission and the Board of Missions, and the Mission bylaws shall be amended to conform to it.
SECTION 10. Upon the failure of a Mission to fulfill its purposes, the Bishop may withdraw the Vicar, and dissolve the organization.
See also: Constitution Article VI – Admission of New Parishes; Revised Statutes of New Jersey, Sections 16:12–1 to 12–2
SECTION 1.The temporary residents of any Summer Resort desiring to maintain regular services for a part of the year may give notice to the Bishop of the Diocese of their desire, who may take such action as the Bishop may deem proper. If the Bishop approves, application shall be made in the following form:
To the Right Rev…………….., Bishop of New Jersey:
We, the undersigned, temporary residents of the town of………….., County of…………, Diocese of New Jersey, being desirous of obtaining the services of The Episcopal Church, do hereby request you to provide them for us as you think fit. For which benefits we do hereby agree to put ourselves under your charge, promising conformity to the Constitution, Canons, doctrine, discipline and worship of said Church, and to the Constitution and Canons of the Diocese of New Jersey. In accordance with these obligations we are now desirous to be recognized as a Seasonal Chapel under the name of ………….. Chapel, ……….., and we agree to pay all expenses of the same. Furthermore, it is our wish that this Seasonal Chapel shall be regularly organized as a Mission under Canon 60, Section 3 whenever in the judgment of the Bishop there shall be enough resident communicants in ……….. to warrant an all-year organization.
Respectfully your obedient servants,
This application should be signed by all the adults who propose to attend the services of the Seasonal Chapel, and the Bishop shall then take the same action as provided for in the Canons in regard to giving notice to the neighboring parishes as provided for in Canon 55, Section 1(b). The Bishop shall, at the Bishop’s discretion, appoint clergy to supply for Chapel the services of the Episcopal Church in due season. No member of the clergy shall officiate at any service in a Chapel governed by the provisions of this Canon without the written consent of the Bishop; or, if there be no Bishop, of the Ecclesiastical Authority. After its formation, each Seasonal Chapel shall adopt bylaws in form subject to approval by the Bishop.
SECTION 2.There shall be an annual meeting of every such Congregation on the Monday after the first Sunday in August as may be determined by the bylaws of the Seasonal Chapel for the election of officers. Due notice shall be given of this meeting as required by law in the case of an annual Parish meeting. The voters shall be baptized communicants in good standing of The Episcopal Church at least sixteen years of age who are regular attendants at the services of the Seasonal Chapel and duly enrolled contributors to the current expenses.
(a) At the said annual meeting, the qualified voters shall elect by ballot by a majority of votes cast a Board of Trustees for the ensuing year from among the voters of the Seasonal Chapel. The number of said Board shall be three, six, or nine as determined by the bylaws, of whom one-third shall be elected annually to serve for three years. At the first election, one-third shall be elected for three years, one-third for two years, and one-third for one year.
(b) Any Congregation organized and operating under the provisions of this Canon may, at its annual meeting, elect from among its voting members a communicant in good standing of the Episcopal Church to be its representative to the Diocesan Convention. The representative shall be entitled to a seat and voice, but not a vote.
SECTION 3.Title to all real and personal property and endowment funds of a Seasonal Chapel, unless otherwise directed by the members of the Diocesan Council, shall be vested in the Trustees of Church Property of the Diocese of New Jersey.
SECTION 4. No baptism, confirmations, weddings, or funerals shall be conducted at a Seasonal Chapel without the written consent of the Bishop of the Diocese. Every Seasonal Chapel shall maintain a register as provided in Canon 73, but duplicate entry of every baptism, confirmation, wedding and funeral shall be made in the register of a neighboring Parish or Mission or in the register of the home Parish or Mission of the person receiving the rite or sacrament, as the Bishop shall direct. The entry in the register of the Seasonal Chapel shall not be used for statistical reporting. Every Seasonal Chapel shall maintain a list of the families associated with the Chapel, including the names of the members thereof, and of all individuals not included as members of a family; but it shall not maintain an official communicant list or an official list of baptized members, or include in its annual report any membership statistics.
See also: Canon 47, Section 3
SECTION 1. At any institution of higher learning in this Diocese it shall be lawful for the Diocese to establish a college chaplaincy and center for ministry to college students and staff. Such establishments are to be made upon the recommendation of the Bishop and the approval of the Diocesan Council and, if financially supported by the William Alexander Procter Foundation, such Foundation. Chapels or other places of meeting or of worship established at such centers, and their congregations, shall have the status of “Chapels of the Diocese.”
SECTION 2. There shall be an advisory committee for each Collegiate Chapel. The members of this committee shall be communicants of this Church in good standing. It shall be the duty of the advisory committee to care for the properties of the Chapel to which they are appointed, to make recommendations to the proper authority for needed repairs and improvements, to as certain that the use of the Chapel is in accordance with the regulations of the local institution as well as those of the Diocese, and to assist the college chaplain in the furtherance of the church’s work on the campus.
SECTION 3. There shall be provided for each Collegiate Chapel a standard register in which shall be recorded all official acts as provided in the canons for parishes. The Chapel communicant register shall consist only of those persons who have been confirmed or received into The Episcopal Church at the Chapel. It shall be a special duty of the chaplain to seek to transfer such members upon their permanent departure from the institution.
SECTION 4. It shall be lawful for the college chaplain to organize from the faculty and student body of the institution to which the chaplain has been assigned such student vestries, choirs, auxiliaries, guilds and societies as the chaplain may think advisable for the furthering of the ministry of The Episcopal Church on the campus.
SECTION 5. Any Collegiate Chapel congregation operating under the provisions of this canon may elect from among its regular communicants a communicant in good standing of The Episcopal Church to be its deputy to the Diocesan Convention, who shall be entitled to seat, voice, and vote at Diocesan Convention. The chaplain and any member of the advisory committee shall certify the election of the deputy to the Secretary of Diocesan Convention.
SECTION 6. The chaplain and the advisory committee shall make annual reports to the Bishop of the Diocese in such form as the Bishop may direct.
See also: Canon 47, Section 3
SECTION 1. Any educational, health-care, residential, or other institution within the Diocese may establish a Chapel to serve its attendees, residents, and staff. Any erection of a chapel building for Episcopal services must be approved pursuant to the provisions of Canon 48. The appointment of any full-time or part-time member of the clergy of The Episcopal Church to serve as Chaplain for such institution must be approved in writing by the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Diocese. The Chaplain shall make annual reports to the Bishop of the Diocese in such form as the Bishop may direct.
SECTION 2. Institutional Chapels shall have no lay representation in Diocesan Convention or in Convocations.
See also: Canon 47, Section 3
SECTION 1. The establishment of a Parochial Chapel by a Parish must have the previous written consent of the Bishop acting with the advice and consent of the Standing Committee. An application for such purpose shall be in writing and shall be sent to the Bishop, who shall lay the matter before the Standing Committee, and at the same time give notice by registered or certified mail to the three Parishes whose houses of worship are nearest to the location of the proposed Parochial Chapel, that such application has been made and that any objections submitted to the Bishop in writing within thirty days after the date of mailing the notice will be duly considered. After the expiration of said thirty days, the Standing Committee shall proceed to the consideration of the application and of any objections thereto and shall advise the Bishop of their conclusions. If approval be given, the Bishop may then authorize the Parish to organize a Parochial Chapel upon such conditions as may be set forth in such approval. Upon the establishment of such a Parochial Chapel, the Parish shall cause a copy of a certificate of organization to be forwarded to the Bishop, and such establishment shall be reported to the next Diocesan Convention as provided in Canon 46, Section 2.
SECTION 2. Unless otherwise provided in the conditions for approval of the Parochial Chapel, the member of the clergy in charge of a Parochial Chapel shall be appointed by the Rector with the consent of the Bishop, shall be subject to the direction of the Rector, and shall serve at the pleasure of the Rector. Title to property and funds allocated to a Parochial Chapel shall be held in the name of the parish, which shall be financially responsible for all operations of the Parochial Chapel. The Parish shall make annual reports to the Bishop of the Diocese with respect to the Parochial Chapel in such form as the Bishop may direct.
SECTION 3. Parochial Chapels shall have no lay representation in Diocesan Convention or in Convocations.
SECTION 1. (a) An existing Mission that seeks reclassification as a Parish must show that it has complied with the Constitution and Canons of the Diocese for a period of three consecutive years without receiving financial support from the Diocese and must demonstrate the reasonable prospect that it will able to continue to do so and that it does and will be able to continue to pay its full Fair Share Asking according to the formula approved by Diocesan Convention and to continue to pay in full the salary and other required compensation of a Priest on at least a part-time basis, as provided in Subsection 1(b) of this Canon. A congregation which seeks such reclassification will make a written application to the Bishop, signed by the Vicar and Secretary of the Mission and as many members of the congregation as possible, declaring that the prospective parish will: (1) at all times adhere to and observe the doctrine, discipline, and worship of The Episcopal Church existing at the time of its formation and as may thereafter be amended, and the laws of the State of New Jersey; (2) be subject to the spiritual jurisdiction of the Bishop of the Diocese of New Jersey, or in case of a division of the Diocese, to that of the Bishop within whose jurisdiction it may come; (3) apply as soon as possible after its incorporation for admission into union with the Convention of the Diocese, and become subject to the Constitution and Canons thereof; (4) pay its Rector no less than the canonical minimum salary and provide a rectory or other suitable living quarters; and, (5) hold all parish assets in trust in perpetuity for the Episcopal Church and the Diocese. The Mission shall also present such documents in support of the application as the Bishop may request. The Bishop shall then give notice of the application to the three Parishes whose houses of worship are nearest to the location of the Mission. If after thirty days from the giving of such notice, there is no objection on the part of the three nearest Parishes, the Bishop may then consent to the action proposed. If objections be made within thirty days, the Bishop shall lay the application and the objections before the Standing Committee, and if the Standing Committee approve, the Bishop may consent in writing to the formation of a parish corporation pursuant to statute, in the following form:
The reclassification from Mission to Parish in the city (or town) of …………….., County of ………. to be known as ………….. Church, having been duly considered by the Standing Committee and approved by them, I do hereby give my canonical consent to the formation of said Parish and the incorporation thereof.
Given under my hand this……. day of……. in the year of our Lord, two thousand ……
Secretary of Standing Committee
(b) If the congregation seeking reclassification so requests, the Bishop, with the consent of the Standing Committee, may stipulate that for a fixed period of time the pastoral, spiritual and sacramental needs of the congregation will be met by the services of a priest working for a specified number of hours less than full time, with full compensation appropriate to such part-time service, subject to further review at the end of the period specified. Upon such review, the permission to maintain a part-time rector may be continued for a further specified period, until such time as a full-time position may be justified, or until Section 2 of this Canon may become applicable.
(c) After receipt of the Bishop’s consent for incorporation, the congregation shall take the steps necessary to incorporate pursuant to the procedures of the New Jersey Statutes applicable to Episcopal Parishes. Following incorporation and the election of wardens and vestrymembers, the Vicar may with the consent of the Bishop, to be confirmed in writing, be elected to continue as Rector of the new Parish notwithstanding any noncompliance with the prior-notice requirements of Sections 1 and 2 of Canon 52.
(d) Following incorporation, the new Parish shall apply for admission into union with the Convention of the Diocese as provided in Article VI of the Constitution and become subject to the Constitution and Canons thereof. Upon approval by the Diocesan Convention, the Mission shall be deemed reclassified as a Parish and shall thereafter be so reported to the next annual Convention as provided in Canon 46, Section 2.
SECTION 2. (a) If a Parish is unable or anticipates being unable to comply in a material way with the requirements set for Parishes by Article VI of the Constitution for a period of six months, the elected leadership of the Parish shall so inform the Bishop. If it appears that the six-month period has passed and the elected leadership of the Parish has not informed the Bishop, then the Rector of the Parish, the Canon to the Ordinary, if there be one, the Board of Missions, or the Dean of the Convocation of which the Parish is a part, may so inform the Bishop. In either such event the Bishop shall invite the Rector, Wardens, and Vestrymembers of the Parish to meet with the Bishop and one or more consultants chosen by the elected leadership of the parish or by the Bishop to discuss and formulate a plan to address the problem. If within twelve months of the Bishop’s first being advised of the problem no plan can be agreed by all parties, or, if a plan is agreed but the Parish is unable to achieve complete compliance with such plan within a period of twelve months after it is adopted, the Bishop may determine that the problem cannot be resolved and that the Parish is no longer viable and should be reclassified as a Mission as governed by Canon 56. The Bishop will inform the Rector, Wardens, and Vestrymembers of the Parish concerned and the Diocesan Council of any such recommendation. The Diocesan Council will make its own determination of whether it does or does not concur with the Bishop’s recommendation. The Bishop’s recommendation and Diocesan Council’s finding shall be reported to Convention for action as provided in Canon 46, Section 2.
(b) If the Rector, Wardens, and Vestrymembers of a Parish wish their Parish to be reclassified for any of the reasons given in Section 2(a) of this Canon, or when, after discussion initiated by the Bishop in accordance with Section 2(a) of this Canon, the Rector, Wardens, and Vestrymembers agree to such reclassification, they may make application to the Bishop in writing to be reclassified. The application shall be signed by a majority of all the current members of the Vestry. If the Bishop consents to the reclassification, the Bishop shall lay the matter before Standing Committee, and if it consents, the Bishop may forthwith reclassify the Parish as a Mission, such reclassification shall be reported to the next annual Convention of the Diocese as provided in Canon 46, Section 2. In such event, no further action by Convention shall be required to effect such reclassification.
(c) If the Vestry of a Parish fails to comply promptly with a judgment issued under canons relating to the Dissolution of the Pastoral Relation, the Bishop shall lay the matter before Standing Committee, with notice and opportunity for such Vestry to appear and be heard. If the Standing Committee consents, the Bishop may forthwith reclassify the Parish as a Mission, and such reclassification shall be reported to the next annual Convention of the Diocese as provided in Canon 46, Section 2. In such event, no further action by Convention shall be required to effect such reclassification.
(d) When a Parish is reclassified as a Mission, the following changes will be made in its organization:
(i) The Rector shall relinquish the Rector’s tenure. The appointment of a priest to be Vicar in charge of the Mission, who may be the former Rector, shall be by the Bishop. The Vicar shall serve without tenure. The Bishop may appoint a full-time or part-time vicar as the Bishop thinks best.
(ii) If the reclassification is to status of a Mission and was the result of a failure of the former Parish to conform to and obey the doctrine, discipline, and worship of The Episcopal Church and the Constitutions and Canons of the General Convention and of this Diocese, then the Bishop may forthwith appoint a Treasurer, Secretary, one or two Wardens, and Mission Committee members for the Mission in lieu of their being elected by the Congregation, until such time as the Bishop certifies in writing that the Mission is conforming to such doctrine, discipline, and worship and such Constitutions and Canons, after which the Congregation may elect such officers at its next annual or special meeting called for such purpose.
(iii) If the Bishop does not appoint new officers, the existing Treasurer and Wardens shall continue in office until their successors are elected or appointed, and the Clerk shall continue as the Secretary of the Mission and the Vestrymembers shall continue as members of the Mission Committee, until their successors are elected or appointed.
(iv) The appropriate corporate officers shall take such steps as required by law to consolidate the Parish corporation into the Trustees of Church Property, so that title to all real and personal property and endowment funds of the former Parish shall be transferred by operation of law to the Trustees of Church Property of the Diocese of New Jersey, to be held by them in trust for the purposes of the Diocese. The Trustees of Church Property have the discretion not to consent to any such consolidation; if they do not consent, the Parish officers must otherwise transfer such title to the Trustees of Church Property.
SECTION 3. A Parochial Chapel, or a Seasonal Chapel that provides services throughout the year, may apply to become a Mission by complying with the provisions of Canon 55, Section 1.